CYSTITIS: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding Cystitis

Cystitis is inflammation or inflammation of the bladder. Bacteria are the main cause of most people with cystitis.
This disease includes the most common urinary tract infections, especially in women.This is due to the size of the urethra (the main channel for urine exhaust to the outside of the body) in women who are shorter than men and are closer to the anus. Therefore, the bacteria from the anus more easily move and enter the urinary tract.
CYSTITIS: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Symptoms of Cystitis

Cystitis can occur in adults and children. Symptoms of cystitis in adult people are more easily recognizable and usually include:
  • Frequency to urinate more than normal.
  • Pain or burning sensation (sore) during urination.
  • Frequent urination with small amounts.
  • Urine is cloudy or smelly.
  • Pain or throbbing sensation in the lower abdomen.
  • Blood in urine.
  • Body feels less healthy or fever.
While in children, symptoms of this disease tend to be difficult to recognize because children have difficulty in expressing what they feel. In addition to pain during urination, frequent frequency, and stomach pain, there are other indications that you should be aware of. Among these are fever, fatigue, fatigue, cramps, no appetite, and vomiting.
Immediately consult a doctor if you or your child has any of these symptoms. Doctors' checks are needed especially if you are experiencing this inflammation for the first time, your symptoms are not getting better, you are pregnant, or have frequent cystitis.

Causes and Risk Factors of Cystitis

Urinary tract infections are generally caused by the entry of bacteria into the urinary tract through the urethra which then multiplies. This process can occur through various means, such as sexual intercourse, wiping the anus into the vagina, using a catheter for a long time, or a spiral contraceptive device.
This inflammation may also be triggered by other factors. Some of them are:
  • Drugs, for example in chemotherapy.
  • Side effects of radiotherapy.
  • Complications of illness or other conditions, such as diabetes, menopause, kidney stones, or swelling of the prostate.
  • Is pregnant.
  • Chemical irritation, such as perfume-containing soap.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Cystitis

Doctors can generally diagnose cystitis through the symptoms experienced by the patient. Several types of checks will also be recommended to ensure this inflammation. Types of examinations that patients may undergo include tests or urine analysis, examination of urinary tract physical conditions via X-rays, cystoscopy, or ultrasound.
After a positive diagnosis, the doctor will determine the treatment steps needed by the patient. Antibiotics are the main treatment that will be given to the sufferer. The type, dose, and duration of antibiotic use will be determined by the type of bacteria found, the severity of the inflammation, and your health condition.
The medication should be spent on the duration of use the doctor recommends. This is done to ensure the bacteria that cause infection is completely destroyed.
Most cases of cystitis can heal itself within a few days with the help of antibiotics, especially mild inflammation. The effect of antibiotics will generally be felt within one to two days after use. If the pain is very disturbing, you can take paracetamol to reduce it.
For recurrent cystitis, doctors tend to provide low-dose antibiotics with longer duration of use. Doctors also sometimes allow patients to buy drugs that have been used in pharmacies without having to return to the doctor. But monitoring is necessary if symptoms of cystitis are sustained.
In addition to medications, there are several ways you can do to reduce symptoms while speeding up healing. These include compressing a painful stomach with warm water, plenty of drinking, and avoid intercourse for a while.

Prevention of Cystitis

Cystitis is often a relapse is very disturbing comfort as well as your daily activities. There are several simple steps we can apply to avoid this inflammation while preventing the recurrence, namely:
  • Do not resist the urge to urinate.
  • Avoid using bath soap or intimate organ-soak cleaning soap containing perfume.
  • Drink plenty to prevent breeding of bacteria in the bladder.
  • Wear soft cotton underwear.
  • Wiping the intimate organs from front to back (from vagina to anus) after washing.


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