FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Definition Of Fever

Fever is a condition when the body temperature is above 38 degrees celsius. Fever is part of the immune process that is fighting infections due to viruses, bacteria, or parasites. In addition, fever may also occur in conditions of hyperthyroidism, arthritis, or due to the use of some types of drugs, including antibiotics. The increase in body temperature due to consumption of this drug is called a drug fever or " drug fever".
: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Although sometimes worrisome, high fever does not necessarily signify that you are suffering from a serious illness. Fever is often found in cases of infections of children are often not dangerous. In fact, fever is a sign that the immune system is trying to fight off the infection.
Fever is not a disease, but rather a symptom that often accompanies a self-limiting disease without the need for treatment, such as a cold or a cold. Therefore, the fever will disappear by itself when the underlying disease is healed. But to treat a more severe fever, some of the febrifuge drugs can be bought freely at the pharmacy. Read the rules of use and follow the recommended dosage.
The symptoms that accompany the fever depend on the cause of the fever itself. The following are examples of symptoms that can accompany a fever:
  • Headache
  • Cold sweat
  • Shivering
  • Dehydration
  • Coughs
  • Sore throat
  • Pain to the ear
  • Diarrhea and vomiting
  • Muscleache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling tired
Examination of the most appropriate body temperature is to use a thermometer. Do not rely on hand-picking to make sure the fever or not. Fever is not necessarily a serious condition, but you need to be alert if your body temperature is above 38 degrees Celsius and you experience one or more of the following symptoms:
  • The neck feels stiff and the eyes become very sensitive to light
  • Vomiting constantly
  • Appears reddish spots on the skin
  • Hard to breathe
  • Constantly drowsy
  • If you / your child is in pain
  • Children do not want to drink and rarely urinate.
Call your doctor or hospital immediately if you experience any of the above symptoms.
How to Use a Correct Thermometer
There are several types of thermometers available in Indonesia today, including mercury thermometers, ear thermometers, and digital thermometers. Among the three, most digital thermometers are chosen because in addition to economical, its use is also easy and the results are quite accurate. Therefore, the following will be discussed on the most appropriate way to use a digital thermometer.
Digital thermometers can be applied to three parts of the body: mouth, armpits, and anus. Make sure that you do not use the same thermometer to measure the temperature in the anus with the temperature in the armpit or mouth. Here are simple steps you can follow to use a digital thermometer:
  • Wash your hands with soap and then rinse and dry thoroughly.
  • Clean your thermometer, either by washing it in warm water or using cotton alcohol.
  • Turn on your thermometer by pressing the existing button, and wait until the on-screen note stops flashing.
  • Place the thermometer in the armpit.
  • Hold the thermometer in the same position for approximately 40 seconds or until the thermometer goes off.
  • Take the thermometer from the armpits, then read the inscription on the screen. The number shown indicates the person's body temperature.
  • Clean back the thermometer using cold water or by using an alcohol cotton.

Causes Of Fever

The temperature of the human body can vary. The body temperature will be lower in the morning and increase in the afternoon and evening. The average human body temperature is 37 degrees centigrade. In general, normal body temperature is between 36.5-37.5 degrees Celsius. Some things that affect body temperature are sports activities and the menstrual cycle.
The following are common causes of fever:
  • Pascaimunisasi, for example, after receiving the pneumococcal vaccine or a vaccine for TB ( tuberculosis ).
  • Various kinds of viral and bacterial infections such as sore throat, food poisoning , meningitis , typhoid , dysentery , chicken pox , and urinary tract infections .
  • Infections from mosquito bites such as dengue fever, malaria and chikungunya.
  • Drugs such as antibiotics, antihypertensives and antidepressants.
  • Standing too long in the sun.
  • Diseases such as arthritis and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland).
  • Cancer, such as leukemia , liver cancer , and lung cancer .

Treatment Of Fever

Fever with a temperature that is not too high and does not last long usually does not require fever-lowering drugs. But to overcome the discomfort of the body, there are some fever-lowering drugs that can be purchased freely in the drug store. It is advisable to see a doctor if the fever temperature is higher or not improve after three days.
Here are some examples of medications to treat fever from infection:
  • Paracetamol and ibuprofen. People who have a fever can feel uncomfortable. Drink medicine according to the dosage and the rules of use or as recommended by the doctor. Use of paracetamol in large quantities and long-term can damage the liver or kidneys. Both of these drugs can be taken directly at the pharmacy.
  • Aspirin. This drug is special for adults. Do not give to children. This drug can trigger the occurrence of Reye syndrome, a disease that can affect the brain and also the liver. Aspirin can be purchased without the need for a prescription.
  • Antibiotics. These drugs are given as prescribed by a doctor if there is suspicion of a bacterial infection that causes a fever, such as pneumonia.
Here are some things you can do at home to help relieve the fever:
  • Break. You need enough rest to recover and help the immune system. Too much activity can increase body temperature.
  • Use thin clothes and stay in the room with cool air.
  • Drink enough water to avoid dehydration. Fever can cause the body to lose a lot of fluids.
Complications resulting from fever may include severe dehydration, hallucinations, and convulsions 

Fever Prevention

Fever can be prevented by applying a clean lifestyle in everyday life. This is done to reduce exposure to infectious diseases that often cause fever.
Get used to always wash your hands if you feel exposed to objects or environment that is not sterile. You can also use wet wipes or hand sanitizers when traveling.
Keep your hands away from your nose, mouth, and eyes. These three parts are the main door for bacteria and viruses to enter the human body. Try to cover the mouth when coughing or nose when sneezing. Also avoid sharing the use of glasses, bottles of drinking water, and cutlery with others.


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