Milk Allergy - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment
Definition of Milk AllergyMilk allergy is a form of a natural response of the immune system to milk and other products that contain milk in it. Abnormal body reaction is one type of food allergies are the most widely experienced by children, especially when they begin to consume cow's milk.
|Milk Allergy - Healthoza.com|
In addition to cow's milk, milk from goats, sheep, and other mammals can also cause an allergic reaction to milk. Allergic reactions usually appear a few minutes to several hours after allergen substances (milk) is consumed. Allergic reactions can include vomiting, wheezing (wheezing), itching rash, and gastrointestinal disorders.
Milk Allergy CausesA milk allergy is different from milk protein intolerance and lactose intolerance. Intolerance or inability of the body receives a substance not related to the immune system and has different symptoms and treatment with milk allergies. Milk allergy is a type of food allergies are caused by a disturbance in the immune systems of patients who consider a content of the protein, in this case of milk, as a hazardous substance. This warning then trigger the immune system to produce immunoglobulin E antibodies to neutralize the allergen. This process results in the release of histamine and other chemicals in the body which then leads to the emergence of symptoms of certain milk allergy.
Two of the main content of the milk proteins that cause allergies are milk casein and whey. Casein is found in the milk solids, also known as curd. Whey is found in the liquid part of milk that remains even when the milk thickens.
Two of these proteins may be difficult to avoid since it was also on other dairy foods. People with milk allergies also tend to have allergies to milk of other mammals, but do not always have allergies to soy milk (soybean).
Several other factors also may trigger milk allergy in a person, namely:
- Other food allergies usually begin to develop after a milk allergy appear.
- A history of allergy in the family, such as hay fever or rhinitis, asthma, and eczema.
- Children are more commonly suffer from allergic reactions usually get better after the digestive system to grow as the children grow older.
- Children who suffer from atopic dermatitis, a chronic inflammation of the skin.
Milk Allergy SymptomsMilk allergy reactions vary for each person, but generally appear one hour after the patient drink milk. Here is another milk allergy symptoms that take longer to be felt by the sufferer.
- abdominal cramps
- Runny nose (runny nose)
- Watery eyes
- Impurities are more liquid (diarrhea) and is likely to contain blood
- Itchy rash around the mouth
- The emergence of colic in infants (which is usually marked by crying nonstop)
- Obstruction of the airways, including the lump in my throat that cause breathing problems
- Significantly lower blood pressure that causes shock
- Face flushed and itching of the whole body
Milk Allergy DiagnosisPeople with milk allergies may need to stop taking antihistamines for 5-7 days before a visit to the doctor. Ask it follows other necessary preparation when making a schedule of meetings to facilitate the process of diagnosis. On examination the doctor may ask you about any symptoms are perceived and whether the patient has a log book containing a list of foods that once consumed. The doctor will also ask whether the patient had tried eliminating dairy from the diet choices or the food they consume, then add it again to see the reaction produced by the body.
After the interview, the doctor will proceed with a physical examination. The doctor also may do a blood test or skin test, or both.
Blood tests on the body of the owner of a milk allergy is performed to measure the amount of immunoglobulin E antibodies produced by the body.
Tests carried out by a specialist allergy skin by piercing a small part of the skin of patients and small amounts of milk proteins is placed on the skin area. A little itchy bump will appear in areas of skin exposed to milk protein if the patient does have a milk allergy.Both blood test or skin test, even if carried out by an allergy specialist, do not always give accurate results so that the doctor may recommend other tests involving the mouth or eating challenge. Patients were asked to eat some food choices to see if there is an allergic reaction. The amount of allergen, in this case is a milk protein, will be gradually increased to ensure milk allergic reactions. But if it turns out the symptoms caused by other conditions besides food allergies, the doctor may ask the patient to conduct additional investigations to rule out other health problems.
Milk Allergy TreatmentA milk allergy usually disappears with age children, but there also continues to have an allergy until they mature. Avoiding allergens (allergens) is the best allergy treatment measures, in this case is a milk or milk protein. It is sometimes difficult because milk is a food that is widely used to treat other foods, such as baked goods and yogurt. Ask your doctor what foods should be avoided because some owners can still consume milk allergy milk with certain types such as yoghurt safely.
The use of antihistamines
Antihistamines are drugs that can be used to relieve the symptoms of allergic reactions and lessen the discomfort. But a more serious allergic reaction, ie anaphylaxis, should soon get a shot of adrenaline (epinephrine). Patients should also be taken to hospital as a precaution the subsequent reaction. Patients will then be equipped with the drug, epinephrine syringe and injection procedure at any time if the attacks recur. You can bring and use antihistamines and epinephrine injections at the same precaution. Keep in mind that antihistamines epinephrine injection is not a substitute drug, but rather as an additional medication in case of an anaphylactic reaction.
Milk Allergy PreventionPrevent milk allergy is done by avoiding milk and products containing milk or milk proteins. Read the product label carefully before buying, consuming, or use it, especially when you're eating outside the home. Ask the chef about the ingredients and processing details before ordering or eating food. Beware also labeled nondairy products and milk-free because it may still have a protein content of milk. Some products that contain milk, among others:
- Ice cream
- Cheese and cheese-containing material
- Lact material which has in its name, such as lactose and lactic
- protein powder
- Artificial Butter Flavor
- Artificial Flavor Cheese
- Candy, chocolate bars or liquid, caramel
- Whey and whey hydrolyzate
- Casein, calcium casein, casein hydrolyzate, casein magnesium, potassium and sodium casein kasien.
Certain hypoallergenic formula milk is not milk based, but the amino acid that does not cause allergic reactions. Consult with your doctor about this product before using it as a milk substitute.
Another alternative is to use soy protein-based milk and rice milk (milk rice), but it should be noted about using them because most children who have milk allergies also have a soy allergy.
Doctors also can help people to have a choice of milk allergy or diet that is rich in nutrients and balanced for the body. You may need to take vitamin supplements to replace the nutrients found in milk, such as vitamin D and riboflavin.