STY (hordeolum) : Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding STY (hordeolum)


The STY (hordeolum) or the one in the medical language called hordeolum is a condition when a painful nodule that resembles acne or boils grows on the edge of the eyelid. Most STY (hordeolum) only appears in one eye. This condition also generally does not adversely affect the ability of vision of the person.

STY (hordeolum) usually occurs in the outer eyelid, but sometimes it can also appear on the inside. The growing spots on the inside are more painful than those growing outside.

Symptoms of STY (hordeolum)

An indication of STY (hordeolum) easily detected from the growth of a red lump similar to ulcers on the eyelid. Other symptoms that accompany this condition include:
  • Watery eyes.
  • Eyes or eyelids are flushed.
  • Swollen eyelids and pain.
Almost all cases of STY (hordeolum) do not require special medical treatment and can heal with his own. However, the risk of complications persists. Therefore, you should see your doctor if the stroke you are experiencing shows no signs of improving after 2 days and the swelling spread to other parts of the face, such as the cheek.

Causes and Risk Factors

The main cause of STY (hordeolum) is staphylococcal bacteria. Examples of bacterial infections that can trigger STY (hordeolum) are infections that occur in the roots of eyelashes, oil glands, and sweat glands.
Staphylococcal bacteria usually live on human skin without causing illness. But the risk of STY (hordeolum) will increase when we touch the eyes with dirty hands. In addition, there are a number of other risk factors that include:
  • Using cosmetics that have expired.
  • Not cleaning cosmetics when going to bed.
  • Wear non-sterile contact lenses or your hands are not clean when installing them.
  • It has inflammation of the eyelids or blepharitis, especially chronic type. This condition can be caused by a bacterial infection or complication due to rosacea skin disease.

Disease Treatment

Most STY (hordeolum) can heal by itself within 7 to 20 days. The scope will heal after rupture and release pus. Nevertheless, never squeeze or break the STY (hordeolum) lump itself because it can trigger the spread of infection. Wait until the lump breaks naturally.
There are simple steps you can take to reduce symptoms and discomfort due to the nodule. Some of them are:
  • Maintain eye hygiene, for example by avoiding the use of cosmetics for a while.
  • Warm water compress for 5 to 10 minutes. Compress eyelids with warm water 2-3 times a day can reduce pain as well as speed healing.
  • Do not wear contact lenses. Avoid contact lenses until the STY (hordeolum) is healed.
  • Analgesics . You can take analgesics or painkillers if needed.
If the STY (hordeolum) does not heal and the pain worsens, you should see a doctor. Treatment steps are generally done is to remove the pus so that pressure on the eyes can be reduced.
Although rare, antibiotic use may be recommended. Especially if you also have other complications, such as chalazion (a cyst caused by a blockage of one of the glands on the eyelid) or perceptual cellulitis (infection of the tissue around the eye).

Avoiding Prevention

Maintaining eye hygiene is the most important step to avoid the STY (hordeolum). The process can be done through simple steps as follows:
  • Do not rub your eyes. This action can trigger irritation and migration of bacteria to the eye.
  • Protect your eyes by always washing your hands before touching your eyes or wearing protective goggles when cleaning the house to avoid dust.
  • If you wear contact lenses, wash and sterilize before use. Make sure you do not forget to wash your hands before installing them.
  • Watch the cosmetics you use. Avoid outdated cosmetics, clean the makeup on the eyes before going to sleep, and throw away cosmetics for the eyes you've used before and when suffering from STY (hordeolum).
  • Immediately treat infections or inflammation of the eyelid thoroughly.

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