whitlow (Paronychia) : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding whitlow (Paronychia)

whitlow (Paronychia)is a condition in which the corner of the fingertips becomes swollen, sore, and reddish, due to the growth of the side of the nail that jutted inward so it hurt the skin. This condition is often experienced by the big toe.
Many factors can cause the side of the nail to grow into the skin, including the result of often wearing socks or narrow shoes, cutting nails too short or not neatly cut the side of the nail, naturally do have a nail that curved inward, and because of injury.
whitlow (Paronychia) : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Cantial symptoms

In addition to swelling, pain, and redness at the corner of the fingertip, other symptoms are fluid buildup (edema) and pus out. This wound can become infected. The skin around the punctured area may become inflamed and grow abnormally.
Usually the pain will become-so if the touched finger is touched or distressed something.

Handling whitlow (Paronychia) at Home

To prevent the occurrence of infection in the fingers that have whitlow (Paronychia) or prevent it becomes more severe, there are appropriate treatment steps, such as maintaining skin hygiene with routine washing with warm water and soap. Do this four times a day, each for about 20 minutes.
Try to keep the side of the skin from the nail stroke with the help of cotton bud. Or if necessary, block a gap between the skin and nails with cotton to help nails grow on top of the skin. This method can be painful, so you should do it slowly and assisted with olive oil.
Another way to stop nail pressures on the skin is by cutting the nails that stick straight. In addition, wear comfortable shoes and socks and fitting so as not to press the skin, and so too by replacing socks regularly.
You can take painkillers, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, according to the age, dose, and instructions indicated on the package.
You can also apply antibiotic cream on your fingers to prevent infection. Once smeared with antibiotics, you can cover a sore finger using a gauze bandage.

Canned Handling by Doctor

See a doctor if your cancellation shows signs of infection, such as extrusion of pus, bleeding, or severe inflammation. Moreover if you are a diabetic, a visit to a doctor is necessary considering your diabetes condition can affect the wound healing process.
In cases of severe whitlow (Paronychia) , usually the doctor will take the path of nail removal surgery. This operation is divided into two, namely partial nail removal and nail removal surgery.
The choice of nail removal surgery will be based on the severity of the whitlow (Paronychia) , for example when the nail is very thick and presses the surrounding skin. This kind of condition requires an entire nail removal operation.

Prevention whitlow (Paronychia) 

There are several ways you can do to prevent whitlow (Paronychia) , including:
  • Do not cut the nails curvely following the arch of the fingertips. Cut the nails straight.
  • Do not cut the nails too short.
  • Get rid of hard skin or dead skin around the nail by using a special nail file or a pumice stone.
  • Use comfortable socks or shoes and do not press your toes.
  • Keep always clean feet and use moisturizer.
  • If necessary, visit your doctor regularly to check the health of your feet.


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